Cathay Pacific data breach: 9.4million passenger data is unsafe

Cathay Pacific data breach: 9.4million passenger data is unsafe

Yet, another data security breaches of the Famous International Airways- The Cathay Pacific. Alas! This seems to have become a trend – yes we are talking about data security breaches and the frequency with which they are happening. Get up in the morn, switch on your TV, browse your favorite news channel, and in the highlights, you find fresh news related to a fresh data breach of big and famous multinational companies.

Alarmingly alarming! Yes indeed!

On October 24th, it was flash news that data related to Cathay Pacific Airways data had leaked. The news announced that some unknown hackers had got access to the details of the clients of Cathay Pacific, and the personal information of nearly 9.4 Million passengers was breached.

Cathay pacific

source: twitter

In its defense, Cathay Pacific said that initially, they did discover some suspicious activities in the network way back in March 2018 and started investigating it. In May 2018, they confirmed that a data breach had occurred and the personal information of passengers had been hacked.

After this incident, the airways informed about this huge data breach to the police. A thorough check took place, in which it was found that the personal data included information like passenger’ names, date of births, phone numbers, nationalities, email ids, addresses, passport details, identity numbers, travel histories, and the number of times they were contacted by the customer service. In the case of a frequent flyer, the membership details that he/ she had opted for – All these sensitive details of 9.4 million trusted passengers of the Cathay Pacific were leaked.

Further, Cathay Pacific made it clear that a total of 840,000 passport numbers were accessed, and 245,000 identity card numbers of the Hong Kong citizens were accessed. In addition to this, details related to 403 expired credit cards and 23 credit cards along with the CVV Numbers i.e. the card verification number had been leaked.

However, the company was clueless as to whether the data hacked was being misused. It is found that each passenger succumbed to a different kind of data breach, the combination of the data breach for every passenger was not the same. The IT system of the Cathay Pacific Airways was also affected, this was the reason why Cathay Pacific kept its flight operations far from it. Thus, this ensured no impact on the flight’s safety.

Cathay Pacific is still in the process of contacting the passengers who are affected by this data breach and has been explaining in detail that the account, though accessed completely by the hackers, none of the passwords were compromised on.

CEO of Cathay Pacific, Rupert Hogg, personally apologised to the affected people about the incident that took place. He assured the people that they have taken all preventive steps towards cybersecurity. They are working upon the issue with a leading security firm, to strengthen the security, He promised that nothing of this sort would take place in the future ever again.

Not only Cathay Pacific, few weeks before this incident, data of the British Airways also got leaked. Airways are not the only victims to these breaches. Various other social networking sites also faced these threatening data breaches. The recent data breach related to Facebook, where personal information pertaining to 50 million users got hacked, and password reset messages were sent to 90 million users.

Later on, another big news hit the screens – Alphabet shutting down Google+ in the near future, due to the recent data breach. Here, the information of 500,000 people was exposed, which was due to the vulnerability in the application.

After facing these many data security breaches, the first question that arises in the mind is, Are the people giving their important and personal information, so that it gets hacked? Obviously not! People should be more careful towards all the information they provide and have more security checks. Even while signing up, they should opt for all the security options. It is recommended to add your mail id and password manually, rather than inputting them automatically and include 2-3 security questions. These meticulous practices, will prevent such attacks to the personal information, to some extent at least.

Customers/Users Beware!

Apple iOS event 2018 updates: Live Streaming

Apple iOS event 2018 updates: Live Streaming

Apple’s most awaited iOS event for the year 2018 is here. The event will be held in the Steve Job’s theatre which is a part of Apple headquarters that is in Cupertino, California. The event will start with a keynote address and in India, it is scheduled to telecast at 10:30 pm IST or 10:00 am PDT.

It is the first time Apple iOS event will be going live on Twitter. It’s just like a big fair of knowledge for all the people in the technological background.

Today Apple is fully geared up to launch all there new products, software etc. The things which are expected to launch today are new 4 iPhones, 2 iPods pro. An updated version of the Mac book or MacBook air 2, updated AirPod or AirPods 2, and Apple smartwatch series.

Keeping these devices apart, the new operating system iOS 12 and Apple A12 chip that is expected to be present on new iPhones are expected to be launched.

The event will host live on all the Apple devices like iPhone, iPod, Mac, iPad. One can even watch from an Apple television. Or even the Apple users can search in Safari browser. And connect to the Official Apple website and can easily watch the live event going on. For others, those who have Windows 10 can also watch the live event from edge browser.

Below mentioned are some of the things that are expected to be updated in the Apple iOS 2018 event:

iPhone Mobiles – iPhone XR, iPhone Xs, iPhone Xs Max

It is expected to launch a line of 3 different iPhone mobile phones. These are being denoted as iPhone Xs, iPhone Xs MAX, and iPhone XR. These three phones will have iOS 12 as the operating system. Will run on Apple A12 chip. There will be OLED or Organic Light Emitting Diode screens.

And stainless steel frames for iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs MAX which will have the screen size of 5.8 inches and 6.5 inches respectively. Whereas both iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs MAX both will have the dual rear camera as similar to iPhone X. These both the phones are very strong, durable with high water resistance.

As it is anticipated to run on Apple A12 platform so it may have a higher RAM storage which may exceed up to 512GB. It is also believed to have some new and exclusive features in the new Xs models as following the iPhone pattern from S devices- Like introducing Siri, 3D touch, Touch ID.

These mobiles may include an updated processor, eSIM support, lightening potential to USB cable type C and more. The cost of iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs is expected to be $1000 and more.

(Source: Apple)

While coming to iPhone XR which is 6.1 inch in screen size it has an LCD screen display. Which will have a notch and is expected to have a single rear camera. This mobile is anticipated to be the cheapest of the normal iPhone launched. The display here is edge-to-edge.

It can replace the iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus models. The name of this model is not yet been leaked. Whereas some of the features such as OLED screen, stainless steel frames, 3D touch may not be present in this model of iPhone.

All these phones will have Face ID to unlock the mobile. And the front camera for all these three mobile will have a Truth Deep Sensor. It is being rumoured that for the first time Apple will incorporate dual sim slot in the mobile phone.


Google smart watch

Apple smartwatches were released in the year 2015. After which repeated upgrading of the watch with new technologies have been done.

Things changed a lot between the first launched Apple smart band and the present smart band that is available in the market. It is rumoured that a major redesigning of the smart band since the original was launched would be done now.

The leaked images of the band show that it will have a wider display screen with edge to edge display. With wider the display and slimmer the size than the previous one. Even though the previous bands were compatible we can find an updated and better version of it.

It might have an inbuilt EKG that will help in checking the health of the wearer. And checks about any heart or cardiac issue as early as possible and informs about it.

In the leaked image we can see that the display became wider and as such the complications and applications in it. The screen will be able to handle 8 widgets at a time. And it may ditch the physical button and opt for SSD. That is Solid State Drive button which will run on the basis of haptic feedback.

The series 4 is anticipated to have the LTE model present in it. Similar to the Apple Watch Series 3 which also has the red ring below on the crown of the digital network to represent the cellular signal. It is also expected to have a longer battery backup than the watch series 3.

This Apple smart band may come with a watch OS 5. Which will have features such as automatic detection of the workout, a walkie-talkie mode, UV detection and a better option to show the notifications.


macbook air

Apple was expecting to release the low-cost MacBook air. And the company also indicates that an upgraded MacBook Air will be introduced. It may contain the Intel 8th generation processor along with the wider display screens.

It is reported to have the 13-inch Retina display and can feature the ports which are trending now, like USB-C. The main focus for this laptop would the consumers and schools. This low-cost laptop may help to regain the market of Apple in the PC world.

About the laptop, nothing much is known or leaked except that the price may range from $1000 onwards. It is uncertain about the cost and when it is going to be released. But it is rumoured to release by the end of this year.


Mac mini

Apple may be planning on the upgrading of the Mac Mini. Because it is high time to do the updating as the last time when it was updated was in the year 2014. Basically, it is desktop without monitor, mouse, and keyword. It is useful for the graphic designers and other professional users.

It requires a lot of performance upgradation to meet the professional’s needs. Apple might adopt the eighth generation Intell chips and can remove the outdated version of the hard disk.

In place of that, it can opt for the solid state options. It may not completely refurbish the design but can update the major things in the device such as the port selection or the USB-C port.

This Apple product is also uncertain that when it will release. But can be anticipated to be in the market until the end of the year. Whereas the price of the MacBook Air and Mac Mini are expected to be almost nearby or same that is $1000.

iPAD PRO 12.9 2018

Yet, other rumour came up about the Apple innovations is upgrading the iPad Pro which was launched last year only. This upgrading is supposed to be huge as it is expected that Apple will give the iPad a full treatment of iPhone X.

That will contain the slimmer bezels around the display. Also will have an updated A-series processor and is also presumed to have a larger RAM storage.

The new iPad pro may don’t contain the power button instead will have the Face recognition that means the Touch ID may be removed. Or maybe both of them will be present. But when the Face recognition is being considered it will work only on the vertical mode.

That means the face recognition will not work if the iPad is being connected with the keyboard. The smart connector which was always above will move below the iPad. So, the manufactures here gets a challenge to build a new keyboard that will support the iPad pro.


Last year Apple announced about the AirPower charger but was not released last year. So, it is expected to launch in the present Apple event. Whereas, the airpower will be able to charge three devices at a time. Which means you can charge your iPhone, Apple smart band, AirPods at a time.

All the three will be charged at a time which will be time saving and ready to use at the same time. It has the unique technology and software which will detect the amount of energy required for the device and charges it accordingly.

Apple is expected to launch the newer version of the wireless Airpods. With new wireless chip and activating Siri handsfree. This will support the wireless charging and the rumours are made around that Apple is working on the Non-branded headphones which will have the unique character or noise cancelling. Which is being delayed for a long time.

A minor change that is expected is the change in the charger. Earlier the charger used to be 5W USB which was available with the phone. Now it may be replaced with the 19W USB-C that will charge the phones even faster along with the USB-C lightening cable.

5 signs to detect if your PC has malware & is it malware infected

5 signs to detect if your PC has malware & is it malware infected

What is malware?

Malicious software is known as the malware and computers are called malware infected. Which can infect your computer directly and can take all your personal data and misuse it this arise to malware infected computer. It can even hold a control on the system, software your important work-related things etc and do scams which are known as malware scams. They even have the malicious websites whenever a customer visits the site, the hackers install the malicious software into the user computer. And the user usually downloads the software thinking it is legitimate.
The scammers then with help of this software get easy access to the personal data the customers which they have in their computers.

Malware Infected site detection:

The term malware defines itself as the malicious software whose aim is to harm and your computer malware infected and do scams which are usually denoted as malware scams. These dangerous and the sites which are infected get installed in the user’s site. Later gather all the important information of the user after which they build a stronghold on the user computer and start attacking other computers. The customers usually download these sites thinking to be lawful and legitimate sites whereas they, later on, turn on to be the infected sites. Some of the times they are downloaded by the user without their knowledge. The most common type of malware includes Ransomware, spyware, viruses, trojan, worms.

Statistics for sites hosting malware:

google malware statistics
(Source: Google transparency report)

Below are some signs to detect malware in the desktop:

malware reasons


    If your desktop slows down frequently and takes a lot of time to load time to start then your computer is malware infected. And it is one of the main and important acts of the malware to slow down the computer and its operating system. While you are surfing something on the internet or just accessing the local application.
    The first and the furthermost thing is to find out where the real problem is?

    • Sometimes it may be due to low RAM memory and using high and number of applications. Which you have to manage to make the desktop work fastly.
    • Your hard disk may don’t have much space for storage for which checking of the files and removing unwanted ones is the only solution.
    • If the desktop slows down while using internet only then it may be due to browsing history which needs to be cleared.

    If all these possibilities are solved then your computer is being infected by malware.


    While you work on your desktop you randomly get the pop-ups and the advertisements on the screen of your computer. Then it is also a type of malware infection which is known as spyware. Whose main motive is to gather all the information of the user without their knowledge.
    To keep your desktop from this malware it is better to take some safety measures such as:

    • Avoid clicking on random pop-ups.
    • Avoid replying to unsolicited emails and messages.
    • Pay attention while downloading the free applications from unknown sites.

malware infected


    Suppose you are watching something Youtube, Facebook, Games or some other applications or using social media. Suddenly the apps crash showing a blue screen or mobile getting rebooted. This may be caused due to the two issues:

    • It may be due to the technical glitches caused in between software and the hardware.
    • The malware issue.

    If it is due to a malware issue it is always advised to have a good antivirus. Scan all the documents and the whole computer if required.


    When you open your laptop and see suddenly that your homepage changes every time you open it. And even find out that every time new toolbar pops up and you are redirected to new and different web address every time it could be due to malware infection.
    This normally happens when you surf something on the internet and mistakenly click on some pop-ups. Which redirects to some other place and even can download some malicious software without your knowledge.
    In this case as soon as possible run a security scan from the trusted software for the whole desktop.


    If you always get a message saying “You are running out disk space on windows”. Which initially means there no space left in the computer hard disk. For this first, you have to check whether physical storage is really occupied or not. If yes then delete all the unnecessary software and files from the PC.
    This is another way of malware infection as it downloads very unnecessary files and software without the user’s consent. Which initially leads to fill up of the storage data.


What is virtual and augmented reality? Could it change our future?

What is virtual and augmented reality? Could it change our future?

Virtual and Augmented Reality are the two words that might have been ringing in your ears since a time. It isn’t something that you can escape from. Such is going to be the future as well. Let’s get in deep about these two!

Augmented Reality

What is the augmented reality and what does it do?

A digitalised image represented to interpret as a real-life object for the easy understanding of the viewer is called Augmented reality. Augmented reality enables users to have the real-time experience of the objects. These AR  creates a computerized object to be displayed in front. This representation would go a long way in experiencing different objects and products. Hence this has a great scope in the field of technology and sales.

Who invented augmented reality?

Ivan Sutherland was the one who made the equipment and fed it with the computer design to make out an augmented reality. He hanged a device out from the ceiling and the device was put over the head. Although the Augmented Reality was invented by Ivan Sutherland, Tom Caudell was the one who coined the term “Augmented Reality”. This augmented reality was expected to be a huge thing but wasn’t in talks as much. But now, with the implementation of new things day by day, augmented reality is back in talks again and has quite a promising future.

Who uses and benefits from augmented reality?

Augmented Reality is an invention, that still has a really broad scope and has a number of places to implement it on. The augmented reality gives us an experience of a non-existing object. These objects might cost us millions or might consume a lot of time to try on. But with the AR, that has become a not so tough job. Hence, there’s a dire need for every industry to upgrade their equipment towards AR. Let’s just read further about this in order to have a good view on the advantages of AR.

Who are all investing and working on augmented reality?


The e-commerce industry that is still the giant in selling products, has been trying hard to keep its place in the market. How does an industry survive in the competition? Yes, by updating themselves again and again. That’s what these industries are trying to do as well. If you operate an E-commerce and deliver products to your customers, and they don’t like it. What are you going to do? Accept their return! Yes, in order to fulfil their needs, you need to have those products returned back to you and send the new ones. This causes a huge loss for these industries.

What if the customers can try on the products sitting at home itself? Wouldn’t that be amazing? It not only saves the time but also E-commerce industries will save a lot on all those pickup and delivery charges. I wouldn’t say that the concept of returning the products will be wiped out completely. But I’m pretty sure that it’s going to go down to a great extent. Read more about how e-commerce attracts the customers here.

Image result for facebook marketplaceSource: Wikipedia

Facebook has also introduced their own version of AR marketplace to make the purchases right there. The users have the liberty to see how the product suits them using the AR experience. There’s a large scope for this ahead of this. You can experience it live after logging in to the facebook here.


Pokemon Gopokemon-go

2 years back from now the idea of Augmented reality was so oblivious to people but with the introduction of pokemon go, augmented reality took a great leap in connecting with the audience. The audience started playing the game as if it was the task of their life. They made it a part of their lives, traveling as far as possible in the anticipation to find their favorite pokemon. Not just that, with the announcement of iPhone X, there were a few other sets of applications launched. Few of those were the AR games. These AR games, though haven’t garnered as popularity as the pokemon go could, still they have a long way to go in the future of gaming.



Image result for app augmented reality

Source: Wikimedia Commons

AR applications also came out with the IOS 11 last year. A few of the games that would display your star position in the sky. All those zodiac signs that can be interpreted through the stars could be navigated easily. Not just that, Google, in their i/o conference 2018, explained how they are going to incorporate AR in their maps. It’s going to be displayed in their Android P once it comes up. You can read about the Android P features here. If you’d turn your camera on, you can actually see a digitalized creature that would guide you to your destination. It’s just like having a travel guide but even more interactive and fun to watch.


IKEA Augmented-reality

Source: Wikimedia Commons

This is another field that has been trying really hard on the Augmented Reality. The architects have a great vision, but the vision is not as easy to express as it is to think. In this case, augmented reality comes to the rescue. With augmented reality, one can have a real-time experience of the object that an architect is trying to show. The person can, in fact, put the digitalized object at the right place and the suitability can be experienced as well. Not just that, a good understanding would require the measurements too. Augmented reality also offers you the feasibility of showing the dimensions of the products. Can you imagine, putting a furniture of your choice digitally, to see if that suits the corner of your bedroom? Yep, that’s possible and has brought to use as well. Houzz, DecorMatters, Homestyler are few of that kind of applications.

Surgical Purposes: 

Image result for surgery augmented reality

Source: Flickr

A new device ARveo Augmented Reality microscope helps the doctors with the surgery with AR. It generates some visual overlays that help the surgeons during brain and spinal surgeries. The Uconn health hospital in Connecticut was the first to incorporate such kind of technology into their field. You can read further about it here.

Advertising and Promotions:

Well, this is the age of Marketing. No matter how you market, all that you need is a proper marketing technique to be able to reach your customers. The marketing can be easily done and even more sophisticated techniques can be incorporated into AR. You can make your viewers see how those glasses from Ray Ban would fit you or how the luxury from Zara would suit your newly purchased top. That’s not it, you can actually feel their presence looking at your front camera while they do their cheapest and the most efficient way of marketing. So if you think the augmented reality might not grab the attention through these ads, then you got to wait and see.

What devices does augmented reality support?

augmented reality

Augmented reality currently supports the mobile phones. The mobile phone with the cameras are the ones where you can experience this AR for yourself. Although AR is a great experience, still it doesn’t excite the millennials as much due to its battery consumptions. the applications use a great amount of your phone’s juice to be able to show what you see on the screen. This would cause a great deal of battery to drain.

How can augmented reality be used in the future and how can it change the world?

Augmented reality has a great future. You must have understood by this time looking at all the industries craving to have it. This is just the beginning, there’s still a lot to come in this field and we’re all waiting what wonders can it pull. With the introduction of Pokemon go itself, everyone was in awe of what AR could do. But let me assure you one thing, Pokemon Go is just the beginning. There’s still a lot of this to come and you can be pretty sure it will. New advances that would change the way we do things will change and yes, it’s for good.

Virtual Reality

virtual reality

What is the Virtual Reality and what does it do?

A 3-dimensional environment created, by wearing a headset where the person could feel the environment is called virtual reality. A reality experience that’s created virtually to be interpreted as real. This experience can be created by creating a digital environment that would appear as real for the viewer. Although many of you might have already experienced it one time or the other, still it’s always a delight to have such experiences.

Who invented Virtual Reality?

Morton Heilig, who is known as the “Father of Virtual reality” for his works and research on this field was the innovator. He innovated the “Experience Theatre” also known as Sensorama Stimulator, as a first step towards the progression of Augmented reality. This theatre would show the digitalized objects on the screen when put over the head. So that’s how the great step towards the augmented reality was taken.

Who uses and benefits from Virtual Reality?

Multiple industries are already investing in virtual reality. It has started as a gaming experience and now is expanding to multiple fields. These fields are trying their best to make the most out of this and provide their own share of virtual experiences. This helps them stand out from the rest. With virtual reality talks being everywhere, a number of industries are willing to use this feature.

Who are investing and working on Virtual Reality?


FIFA World cup: Russia 2018:

Image result for fifa world cup 2018 vr


The FIFA world cup app had the VR feature in it to allow the fans to have a real-time game experience. The virtual reality application has the feature of displaying a 360 view of every game. This not only helps the viewers have a great experience but will also cheer all those who couldn’t make it to Russia in order to watch the game live. You can read further about it here.

Google Earth

Image result for google earth

A number of application developing agencies are using this feature in their own special way to offer an exquisite experience to their customers or clients. The applications can be used to help the users experience the real-time situation of a location or an area. This would give them a practical understanding of what they are getting into. t’s like helping them see the real version of it, without having to change their respective locations. They can stay right at home and enjoy the experience of saving both their time and energy.


Batman Arkham VR

Image result for batman arkham vr

Source: Flickr

The gaming world is going to change completely with the initiation of this virtual reality. Almost every game that has come out recently have this features in them. Even in the recreational and fun parks, you can see a number of stores helping you experience their own virtual reality games. Have you seen people wearing those headsets and moving every possible way? Some of them tend to shout and get startled by what they see on their device. Some of these games could include roller coaster or have an experience of a dangerous ride. There are a number of computer games as well that give a real-time environment to take the game experience to a new level. You can get your hands on or read more about this game here.



Image result for youvisit vr

Source: Flickr

The travel industry is booming and hence no one wants to back out from all the technological advances that they can make. SO the travel industry is going down the same path as well. Incorporating VR into their applications. How would you feel if you can give your customers a glimpse of what they can see in after traveling there? Instead of pictures, it would be more like a real visit and experience. that’s what the travel industry has been doing to help their customers see all these things. Not just that, recently a ziplining agency, used the VR to give the users a feeling of ziplining at very high altitudes. These guys have made a 30-second ziplining feel like a 3 minute one. mark my words, VR is a big deal when it comes to creating delusions.


Image result for augmented reality applicationsSource: Wikimedia Commons

This is the best part. When you come home from all that long day of work, what would you need the most? A little time in the mountains? Experience a beautiful sunset? Watch and count the stars in the sky? Well, that isn’t really an all-time happening thing but you can make that happen. With VR, you can experience these things in the real time and keep the stress away from yourself. You can also surround yourself with all the funny jokes and positive people in order to calm yourself and find some new faces.

The virtual reality is also being incorporated in the field of surgery to take this to a next level and help the people in their surgeries. This will also prepare the doctors on their surgical advances.

Real Estate:



Source: Smart2VR

This has changed the life of many people who are looking for a new home. The virtual reality feature has been utilized by a number of organizations to show their own homes or by the broker industries that want to sell their client’s properties. It saves time and the buyers don’t even have to visit the home. They can have a real-time walkthrough of that respective flat and can explore it the way they want. They can walk and switch from room to room and understand the kind of ambience they have there. Thre are a number of real estate brokers incorporating this into their applications.

What devices does Virtual Reality support?

Virtual reality is supported in almost every mobile phone that has a wide screen. Though you need to have a smartphone in order to see these things. If your phone has the gyroscope sensor, then you’re good to go. Get yourself a good headset that is comfortable to you and has a good view capacity. Make sure the headset fits your phone. Now put the phone in the headset and you’re good to go. Find yourself a good cardboard video which is frequently available on youtube in order to experience this.

Which is the best headset for Virtual Reality?

Well, there are a number of devices have this feature. From cheapest of the headset starting at $1-2 to one of the costliest in the field, you can find the right headset based upon their specifications. But do understand that there might be the different headset for different phone sizes. The most reputed and one of the first VR headset to come into the market is the Oculus Rift. It has been purchased mostly by the gamers for a great gaming experience.

How can Virtual Reality be used in the future and how can it change the world?

Virtual reality has a number of applications. They have already been used in a number of applications, games, devices etc., and there’s a lot of need to explore its limitations. As a matter of fact, there are a number of new ways that have been coming up and been surprising us with its innovation. Just like AR, VR has its own innovative ways to amuse us.

Mixed or Hybrid Reality:

The mixed reality often referred to as Hybrid reality, is the mixture of both the augmented reality and virtual reality. This will be a great step towards the digitalization of experiences. The early mixed reality experiments were practised at the US Air Force Laboratory. This feature was developed in order to provide a flight simulation for the pilots.

Key Take Away:

All these reality devices are on the verge of becoming something really big in the near future. There is a constant need for the betterment of all these practices in order to see a better-digitalized world. But one thing is not to be forgotten, though there’s a great need for this to be incorporated, still, you need to make sure the usage is up to the limits and doesn’t go beyond the permissible usage.